Symphonious

Living in a state of accord.

IPv6 on EdgeRouter X (ERX) and SkyMesh (EdgeOS 1.9.7)

The internet is full of forum posts with various questions, tips and suggestions for IPv6 on EdgeRouters as people struggle to get it working. The challenge is that the fix you actually need depends on which version of EdgeOS you’re running (ubnt are continuing to flesh out the IPv6 configuration support) and the setup of your ISP.

So here’s the magic steps I needed for an ERX running EdgeOS 1.9.7+hotfix.3 with SkyMesh NBN over HFC (cable).

  1. Use the Basic Setup wizard to get the basic config in place
    • Port eth0
    • Internet connection type PPPoE (and enter your PPPoE login)
    • Enable the default firewall
    • Enable DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation
      • Prefix length /56
      • Enable the default IPv6 firewall
      • IPv6 LANs switch0
    • Only use one LAN
    • Setup the IPv4 LAN address and users as required.
  2. Additional config required either via the command line ‘configure’ or Config Tree tab in the UI.
    • set interfaces ethernet eth0 pppoe 0 ipv6 enable 
    • set interfaces ethernet eth0 pppoe 0 ipv6 address autoconf
    • set interfaces ethernet eth0 pppoe 0 dhcpv6-pd rapid-commit disable
    • set interfaces switch switch0 ipv6 address autoconf

The extra config essentially boils down to three main things:

  1. PPPoE interface needs to have IPv6 enabled if IPv6 is going to work.
  2. The PPPoE and switch0 interfaces need to auto configure their IPv6 address.
  3. SkyMesh do not support rapid-commit for prefix delegation. Almost every ERX IPv6 config I’ve seen has this enabled but with SkyMesh the devices on the LAN and the switch0 interface will fail to get global IPv6 IPs unless it’s disabled.

As an optional extra if you want to avoid ICMP filtering you should duplicate rule ’30’ from firewall ipv6-name WANv6_LOCAL to   (action accept, protocol ipv6-icmp being the key values). This is allowing extra traffic through your firewall to all devices on your network so you should only do that if you’ve done the research and are comfortable with it. You should have working IPv6 connectivity without doing this – don’t just do it as a desperate option to get things working.

Internationalising Vue Components

As Vue gradually spreads through our JavaScript, it’s reached the point where we need to support internationalisation. We already have a system for localising numbers and dates that we can reuse easily enough with Vue filters. We also have an existing system for translations, but it’s tied into the mustache templates we’ve used to date so we’ll need to adapt or change it somehow to work with Vue.

In mustache we simply wrap any strings to be translated with {{#i18n}}…{{/i18n}} markers and a webpack loader takes care of providing a translation function as the i18n property of the state for the compiled template.

There are a number of vue translations plugins around all of which tend to take one of two approaches:

  1. a directive that automatically pulls out the element text (e.g. vue-translate)
    <div v-trans title=hello>hello</div>
  2. a method you call (e.g. vue-i18n-mixin)
    <h1 v-text=”t(‘header.title’, ‘fr’)”></h1>
    <h1>{{ t(‘header.title’) }}</h1>

Using a directive is nice and simple but doesn’t work if the text is dynamic (any {{data}} values are already resolved in the element text). Explicitly calling a function to perform the translation leads to pretty unwieldy templates.

What we’ve settled on is a pretty direct translation of our mustache system to Vue. We use <i18n></i18n> instead of {{#i18n}}{{/i18n}} since the content of {{…}} in Vue is expected to be valid JavaScript and IDEs flag it as an error if it’s not. So a simple example might be:

<p><i18n>Hello world!</i18n></p>

To make it actually translate, we use a HTML pre-loader for the webpack vue-loader that translates that into:

<p>{{translate("Hello world!")}}</p>

Finally, on the client side, a global Vue mixin provides the implementation of translate that looks up the translated version of that string and replace it.

When the string includes parameters we write them in the same way as a normal Vue template, for example:

<p><i18n>Hello {{name}}!</i18n></p>

And our pre-loader translates it in exactly the same way:

<p>{{translate("Hello {{name\}\}!")}}</p>

The only slightly tricky bit is that the pre-loader escapes the } characters, otherwise Vue treats them as the end of the template string and it results in JavaScript errors.

At this point, Vue won’t replace {{name}} with the actual value of name because it’s part of a JavaScript string, not part of the template. The good part of that is that our translation function will now be looking up the string to translate prior to variable substitution.  So it will look for a translation for “Hello {{name}}!” rather than needing translations for every possible name. Once we find the translation, the translate function then uses a regex to find and replace each placeholder with the actual value from the vue instance. 

Notably, this process means that you can’t use anything but a simple variable name in placeholders within translated strings (though it can refer to a computed property). This is actually a good thing because we don’t want to send a string off to the translators that contains complex JavaScript they won’t understand. In fact, we have tests that place additional restrictions on strings to translate to ensure they are easily manageable through the translation process.

Moolah Diaries – The Moment Dilemma

moment is one of those javascript libraries that just breaks my heart. It does so much right – nearly every date function you’d want right at your finger tips, no major gotchas causing bugs, clean API and good docs. I’ve used moment in some pretty hard code, very date/time orientated apps and been very happy.

But it breaks my heart because when you pull it in via webpack, it winds up being a giant monolithic blob. I only need a couple of date functions but with moment I wind up getting every possible date function you can imagine plus translations into a huge range of languages I don’t need. If I use moment, about 80% of Moolah’s client javascript is moment.

So I was quite pleased to find date-fns which also provides every date function you can imagine but is specifically design to be modular so you only pull in what you actually need. Works a treat, so Moolah uses that for the date operations it needs and it barely adds any size at all.

Except then when I went to use a graph library, it turns out that Chart.js which I was keen to try depends on moment. Sigh.

Moolah Diaries – Finding Transaction in the Past Month in MySQL

Ultimately the point of Moolah isn’t just to record a bunch of transactions, it’s to provide some insight into how your finances are going. The key question being how much more or less are we spending than we earn? I use a few simple bits of analysis to answer that question in Moolah, the first of which is income vs expenses over the past x months.

The simple way to do that is to show totals based on calendar month (month to date for the current month), but since my salary is paid monthly that doesn’t provide a very useful view of the current month since no income has arrived yet.

I really want to see data for the previous month as a sliding window.  So on the 3rd July the last month would be 4 June to 3 July (inclusive) and on the 25th of July it would be 26 June to 25 July. Given the way salary and bills are paid each month that provides a fairly stable view of income vs expense without fluctuating too much due to the time of the month.

Previously that was easy enough because all the transactions were in memory and we were iterating in JavaScript – flexible but doesn’t scale particularly well. With Moolah 2 we really want to do that in the database and avoid loading all the transactions.

The key bit of sql that makes it possible to achieve this sliding window for previous month is the group by clause:

GROUP BY IF(DAYOFMONTH(date) > DAYOFMONTH(NOW()), 
EXTRACT(YEAR_MONTH FROM DATE_ADD(date, INTERVAL 1 MONTH)),
EXTRACT(YEAR_MONTH FROM date))

There’s nothing particularly magic here – we just decide whether to push a transaction date into the next month based on whether it’s day of month is past the current day of month. The full transaction is in analysisDao.js.

Initially I limited the query to just the last 12 months worth but MySQL can iterate so much faster than JavaScript it can easily run through the full data set covering about 6 years. I probably should put some limit on it but I’m interested in how long it will last.

Moolah Diaries – Data Parity

Moolah just reached it’s first key milestone – it’s reached “data parity” with the old version. Basically it has enough functionality that it’s viable to import the data from the old version and get the same balances and totals. Using real data that’s been generated over the last 5 years has revealed a few important things.

The good:

  • The balances add up so things really are working
  • It really does load way faster
  • The old version allowed some data inconsistencies that the new version will prevent

The bad:

  • There’s quite a few features still missing from the display – more than I’d realised
  • There’s a few places that are much slower than expected because of some rather careless algorithm/data structure choices. Fortunately there’s some trivial changes that should give pretty dramatic improvements.

The next major milestone will be when I can actually switch over from the old system. Hopefully that’s not too far off.